By R. David, Anthony E. David
Very important ancient and cultural figures in addition to a few recognized members in Egypt's lengthy historical past (c 3100 BC - c advert six hundred) are included during this paintings of reference. Rulers and participants in their households, major figures and demanding foreigners with whom the Egyptians got here into touch are all integrated. The entries are in response to unique resource fabric and there are bibliographies for every access.
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Additional info for A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt
The Royal Mummies. Cairo: 1912; Maspero, G. Les momies royales de Deir el-Bahari. Cairo: 1889. Amenophis III King 1417–1379 BC. Amenophis III succeeded to the throne as a child, being the son of *Tuthmosis IV and his chief queen, *Mutemweya; his divine birth, as the son of the god Amun, was depicted in wall-scenes in the Temple of Luxor. Amenophis III was the heir to vast domains and he ruled over the most opulent court in the ancient world. Military activity in his reign was probably limited to the repression of a *Nubian uprising in Year 5; the campaigns of previous kings had ensured that this ruler could enjoy the benfits of Egypt’s empire at its zenith, and diplomatic and peaceful relations with the other great rulers of the Near East replaced the warfare of the earlier years.
8–14. 12 robin-bobin AMMENEMES Ammenemes I King 1991–1962 BC. Ammenemes (Amenemhet) I was regarded as the founder of the Twelfth Dynasty and of the Middle Kingdom; he assumed the additional title of ‘Repeater of Births’ which was adopted by those pharaohs who regarded themselves as inaugurators of a new era. He can almost certainly be identified as the vizier of *Mentuhotep IV of the Eleventh Dynasty, from whom he usurped the throne. During his reign, he reestablished the unity of Egypt, re-organised the internal administration, and consolidated the power of the monarchy.
Other explanations have to be considered when the scenes depict painful operations. One possibility is that circumcision had a particular religious significance for Ankhmahor; alternatively, he may have been a surgeon, but he bore no medical titles and appears to have held an important political position as a minister. BIBL. Herodotus, The Histories. Bk. ii, 104; Ghalioungui, P. Magic and medicine in ancient Egypt. London: 1963 pp. 96–8. 50 BC. One of Egypt’s most enduring forms of literature was the Instruction in Wisdom or Wisdom Text.