Download Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of by William Harmless PDF

By William Harmless

Within the fourth century, the deserts of Egypt turned the nerve heart of a thorough new move, what we now name monasticism. teams of Christians-from illiterate peasants to realized intellectuals-moved out to the wastelands past the Nile Valley and, within the recognized phrases of Saint Athanasius, made the barren region a urban. In so doing, they captured the mind's eye of the traditional international. They cast concepts of prayer and asceticism, of discipleship and non secular course, that experience remained crucial to Christianity ever considering that. looking to map the soul's lengthy trip to God and plot out the sophisticated vagaries of the human middle, they created and encouraged texts that turned classics of Western spirituality. those wasteland Christians have been additionally exceptional storytellers, a few of Christianity's best. This e-book introduces the literature of early monasticism. It examines all of the best-known works, together with Athanasius' lifetime of Antony, the Lives of Pachomius, and the so-called Sayings of the wilderness Fathers. Later chapters specialize in pioneers of monastic theology: Evagrius Ponticus, the 1st nice theoretician of Christian mysticism; and John Cassian, who introduced Egyptian monasticism to the Latin West. alongside the way in which, readers are brought to path-breaking discoveries-to new texts and up to date archeological finds-that have revolutionized modern scholarship on monastic origins. integrated are interesting snippets from papyri and from little-known Coptic, Syriac, and Ethiopic texts. Interspersed in each one bankruptcy are illustrations, maps, and diagrams that support readers kind during the key texts and the richly-textured global of early monasticism. Geared to a large viewers and written in transparent, jargon-free prose, barren region Christians bargains the main entire and available creation to early monasticism.

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4:137). 28. Roger S. Bagnall, “Religious Conversion and Onomastic Change in Early Byzantine Egypt,” Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 19 (1982): 105–124. 29. Bagnall, Egypt in Late Antiquity, 285. 30. 7 (PG 67:749–752), quoted in Haas, Alexandria in Late Antiquity, 297. 31. Cyril, Ep. 4:224–225; FC 77:151–153). : University of Wisconsin Press, 1992), 16–17. 32. Isidore of Pelusium, Ep. 152. Cf. Leo the Great, Ep. 7. Bibliography Alexandria The best starting point is the work of Christopher Haas, Alexandria in Late Antiquity: Topography and Social Conflict (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 1–4 (Butler, 29–30; trans. Meyer, ACW 34:44–45). For studies on Alexandria, see the bibliography for chapter 1. 8 (LCL 8:32–33). 8–9; quoted in Christopher Haas, Alexandria in Late Antiquity: Topography and Social Conflict (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997), 350–351. Philo, De legatione ad Gaium 22 (LCL 10:76, trans. LCL 10:77, modified). 13 (LCL 8:52–53). 36 (LCL, 206; trans. my own). 4 (LCL 258–259). 1 (SC 124:174; trans. my own).

Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1987. Martin, Annik. ” In Politique et théologie chez Athanase d'Alexandrie: actes du colloque de Chantilly, 23–25 septembre 1973, ed. Charles Kannengiesser, 33–61. Théologie historique 27. Paris: Beauchesne, 1974. Telfer, W. R. ” Harvard Theological Review 48 (1955): 227–237. Vivian, Tim. St. Peter of Alexandria: Bishop and Martyr. Studies in Antiquity and Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988. Williams, Rowan. s. 37 (1986): 35–52. 1 Papyrus: Women and Monasticism Discoveries of papyri have profoundly enriched our understanding of the social world of Roman Egypt and of ancient monasticism.

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