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By Yvonne J Markowitz; Joyce L Haynes; Rita E Freed; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.; Nagoya Bosuton Bijutsukan.; All authors

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Extra resources for Egypt in the age of the pyramids : highlights from the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Expedition

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Z8 Dancers frequently accompanied musi­ cians. Workers sang as they toiled, and although time has not preserved their melodies, it has preserved their words: Where is the one skilled at his job? It is l! zv EPILOGUE After more than five hundred years of stability and prosperity, what brought an end to the Pyramid Age? In all likelihood, the reasons were multiple and complex. Several hun­ dred years of pyramid building taxed resources and generated no income. Over time, the king appointed and supported an ever-growing number of bureaucrats, and this placed an additional drain on the country's coffers.

14 nearly four thousand known titles and epithets for bureaucrats of the Pyramid Age illus­ trate the complexity of its administration and social organization. Line drawing of the pull saw scene from the tomb of Ti at Saqqara, Dynasty 6. 26 Although remains of actual workshops are few, tomb reliefs provide valuable Fig. 15 Boat jousting scene from the offering chapel insights into industries and manufacturing techniques of the time. The tomb of the 5th Dynasty overseer of pyramids, Ti, at Saqqara is particularly rich and informative.

27. Malek 1 9 8 6 , 56. 28. Manniche 1 9 9 1 , 3 0 - 3 2 . 29. Manniche 1 9 9 1 , 1 7 . 1 5 . Stadelmann 1 9 9 8 , 70. 31 Excavating Giza YVONNE J . MARKOWITZ When George Andrew Reisner (fig. 1 7 ) became director of the Harvard UniversityMuseum of Fine Arts, Boston, Expedition to Egypt in 1 9 0 5 , he already held excavation rights at Giza. The site, located southwest of modern Cairo and the ancient capital city of Memphis, served as a burial place for Egypt's mighty 4th Dynasty rulers, their relatives and functionaries, and a number of leading officials of the 5th and 6th Dynasties.

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